Officially in Indonesia there is only a dry season and a rainy season, but there is one more that is known by the people of Indonesia, namely the transition season. Indeed, this season is widely known for the increasing number of sick people, strong winds, floods, and rainstorms.
Of course, this doesn’t make all the impacts of the transition season bad , because the impact on the environment is also good. Let’s find out how to maintain health during the transition season by knowing the meaning below!
The meaning of transition is the transition from one season to the next, more specifically, the transition season is when there is a transition from the rainy season to the dry season and vice versa.
The occurrence of the transition season is caused by changes in monsoon winds that shift from south to north or it could be the other way around.
Usually the transition season occurs in tropical climates, such as Indonesia, Malaysia and many other Southeast Asian countries. However, even though we both experience it, when the transition season occurs can vary, even within one country.
In Indonesia, when the transition season occurs in Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi and Maluku is February to April, but in Java and Bali it is from September to November.
During the transition season, the weather is dry and hot with wet and humid erratic. This is caused by the movement of monsoon winds and the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) so that sudden weather changes can occur. This weather change is also extreme and erratic and can cause natural disasters, such as floods and landslides.
Characteristics of the Transition Season
There are several characteristics of the transition season that need to be known to be able to recognize when the transition season occurs and prepare how to maintain health during the transition season. Some of the characteristics of the transition season include:
The Occurrence of Extreme and Erratic Weather Changes
The transition season is marked by extreme and erratic weather changes, such as heavy rains, but the next day it will be sunny and hot.
High Temperature and Humidity
The transition season also causes high and humid temperatures which make the body temperature hotter and easier to sweat.
There was a Heavy Rain
The transition season also often causes heavy rains that last long enough to cause floods and landslides.
The Wind Is Getting Stronger
Apart from rain, the transition season is also accompanied by strong winds which can cause damage to trees, buildings and infrastructure.
Natural Color Experiencing Change
During the transition season, changes in color in nature can be seen, such as the color of the leaves that start to turn yellow or red before finally falling. in the transition season can also trigger flowers and fruit to grow more fertile.
The Risk of Pain Is Increasing
During the transition season, extreme weather can reduce the body’s resistance and increase the risk of getting sick. Some of the diseases that often occur during transition are respiratory tract infections, skin infections and those that are transmitted by vectors, such as mosquitoes or other insects.
The Impact of the Transitional Season
Why do many people get sick during transition? The transition season is a season when people are susceptible to disease and their body condition begins to decline. However, why do so many people get sick during the transition season?
This is caused by the change of seasons which causes the weather to become erratic and changes can occur in extremes, for example, the weather starts hot and experiences heavy rain suddenly in a short time.
The extreme changes that occur not only have an impact on health, but also the environment.
The Impact of the Transitional Season on the Environment
The following are some of the impacts of the transition season on the environment.
Air Quality Improvement
Rain and wind can help to improve air quality and reduce the high levels of urban pollution. Rain and wind which help carry dust particles and pollutants to the ground help increase the amount of air present in the air.
Increased Agricultural Productivity
With the intensity of the rains increasing the sufficient water supply for the crops, agricultural productivity is increasing. However, it should be noted that there is no excess water and flooding in agricultural land.
One of the negative impacts of the transition season on the environment is the occurrence of natural disasters, such as floods and landslides. This is due to the intensity of the high rainfall and the poor water management system, as well as the soil in the area.
Animal Migration Patterns Changed
When the weather changes, as well as changing environmental conditions, the migration patterns of animals will also change. An example is birds that migrate to other areas when the weather changes.
Soil Erosion Occurs
The transition season can indeed increase farming productivity, but it can also damage soil fertility so that agricultural productivity decreases .
The Impact of the Transitional Season on Health
The following are some of the impacts of the transition season on health.
During the transition season, it often rains, but the temperature remains hot and it becomes more humid, increasing the risk of dehydration. Be sure to drink enough.
Respiratory Tract Infection
With extreme and erratic weather changes, the body becomes more susceptible to respiratory infections, so the number of people who catch colds, flu and sinus infections increases.
Vitamin D deficiency
With reduced sunlight, the body will lack vitamin D which can have an impact on bones, the immune system and the risk of chronic disease increases.
With hot temperatures and high humidity levels, the skin can become more sensitive and various skin disorders occur, such as skin irritation, acne and skin infections.
Diseases Transmitted by Vectors
The transition season also increases the risk of vector-borne diseases, such as dengue fever, malaria and chikungunya spreading. This is because during the transition season, the population of insects, such as mosquitoes increases and transmits the disease.
How to Maintain Health in the Transition Season
There are several things that can be done as a way to maintain health during the transition season, namely:
Maintain Personal Cleanliness and the Surrounding Environment
Prevent the spread of disease during the transition season by keeping the environment clean by keeping the house clean, burning trash and maintaining personal hygiene by washing hands and bathing regularly.
Avoid Direct Exposure to Sunlight
Use sunscreen more regularly during the transition season because the temperature and sunlight are high and can cause skin problems.
Increase Consumption of Fruits and Vegetables
Expand vitamins and minerals to maintain a healthy body during the transition season with extreme weather changes and can cause the body’s immunity to decrease.
Drinking Enough Water
With higher and more humid temperatures, it will be easier to become dehydrated. Make sure to drink enough water to prevent dehydration.
Maintain Respiratory Health
The transition season often attacks the respiratory tract, so protect the respiratory tract by avoiding smoking, exposure to secondhand smoke and exercising regularly.
Avoiding Flood-Prone Areas
Be sure to avoid areas prone to flooding, as this can increase the risk of disease, such as skin diseases and respiratory infections.
Consult with Medical Personnel
Consult a doctor if unusual symptoms occur during the transition season.